Italian participating school and Mathematics topics
“Santa Caterina” School “Santa Caterina” school was founded in 1784 in the former Dominican monastery of Santa Caterina, by the Archbishop of Pisa, His Excellency Mons. Angelo Franceschi, authorised by Pietro Leopoldo I, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
“Santa Caterina” school is an independent (paritaria) public school, releasing qualifications equivalent to State schools. Independent schools were recognised by the Italian school system in year 2000: independent schools must ensure the observance of the same regulations that hold for State schools, as concerns taught subjects, curricula, school hours, length of the school year, procedures for both intermediate and final examinations etc. Independent schools may be run by either privates (e.g. religious institutions, workers’ cooperatives …) or public institutions (Communes, Provinces, Regions) and they are equivalent to State schools, thus belonging to the National educational system.
“Santa Caterina” School, belonging to the Archdiocese of Pisa, is run by a cooperative made up by school employees (teaching and administrative staff) and by external individuals who care for young people’s education. The School, similarly to all independent schools, is financially supported by the Commune (as concerns Infant school) and by the State, (as concerns Infant and Primary schools). Pupils’ families are requested to contribute with tuition fees to fulfil budget needs. If this funding is not enough, the Archdiocese of Pisa guarantees the residual financial support.
The school and the territoryIn the Province of Pisa, “Santa Caterina” School is the only educational institution that offers pupils the opportunity to start and finish the whole school career within the same school: from infant school (two years long), to primary school (five years long), to lower secondary school (usually called middle school, three years long), up to higher secondary school (Liceo Scientifico, five years long).
S. Caterina School is in the city centre and it is chosen by most parents because of the offered opportunities, services and, most of all, educational values. Due to its uniqueness and characteristics, pupils come from various areas of Pisa and its surroundings. The school accepts all pupils, with no distinctions based on race, gender, ethnic group, language, religion, political opinions, social and psychophysical conditions.
The location in the centre of Pisa, close to three higher education institutions (the University, the Scuola Normale Superiore and the School of Advanced Studies “Sant’Anna”), favours contacts and interactions with these institutions and creates conditions for the development of high level knowledge and competencies by both teachers and pupils of the school.
The school is actively involved in the promotion of and collaboration to both National and International projects, with visits to and from European schools.
Formative and educational offer of the “Santa Caterina” SchoolThe time schedule of the Lower Secondary School within Santa Caterina School is structured with six hours per day (from 8:00 to 13:45), Monday to Friday.
Taught subjects and related weekly scheduled classes are, as in all Italian middle schools:
||Year III |
||7 hours |
||2 hours |
||2 hours |
||3 hours |
|Mathematics and Sciences
||6 hours |
||3 hours |
||3 hours |
||3 hours |
|Sports and exercise
||2 hours |
||1 hours |
||30 hours |
Besides curricular teaching, additional afternoon classes offered by the Middle School S. Caterina are:
Additional activities are proposed:
- Latin language
- Second foreign language
- Information technology
- Musical instrument (piano, flute, guitar, harp).
The school also promotes activities like theatre, chorus and sports, experiences in environmental defence, historical – cultural experiences, literary and artistic contests, sport tournaments and games.
- after school
- support, remedial and strengthening.
Besides classrooms, the School has a number of available spaces, enabling the multiplicity of activities described:
Moreover, Internet connection is available in all school spaces.
- computer laboratory
- chemistry and sciences laboratory
- physics laboratory
- multimedia room
- equipped Great Hall
The school’s wide external area is usually used and equipped for gymnastic and recreational activities.
Since lower secondary school must suit age and psychological features of pre-adolescent pupils, who need to build up a self conscience and a new relationship with society, S. Caterina Middle School’s objectives are:
In this perspective, an educational contract between teacher and pupil is established, involving the whole Class Committee (Consiglio di Classe), the School’s administrative and representative agency, parents, territorial bodies interested in the educational processes running within schools. According to the educational contract,
- to be formative: opportunities for a multidirectional development of pupils’ personalities are provided, aimed at enabling students to build consciousness of themselves and of their relationship with the world;
- to be orienting: the school aims to enable pupils to gain their own identity in the social context, strengthening their decision making abilities, on the basis of their capacities and attitudes.
the pupil should know:
The parent should:
- educational and teaching objectives of his/her school career,
- the route to be followed in order to achieve them,
- developmental phases of the curriculum,
- the teacher should,
- make his/her formative offer explicit,
- provide justifications for his/her teaching interventions,
- make methodologies, testing instruments, assessment criteria explicit;
- be aware of the formative offer,
- express his/her own opinions and make his/her own proposals,
- collaborate to the activities to favour the fulfilment of objectives.
in the period October - December 2008
Lower Secondary SchoolYear 1
- Sets. Sets and their representation. Subsets. Operations between sets.
- Natural numbers. The set N: properties and basic operations in N. Ancient number systems. Expressions. Powers: properties and operations. Scientific notation and order of size.
- Divisibility. Multiples and divisors of a number. Prime numbers.
- 2D Geometry. Point, straight line, plane. Magnitudes and Measurements.
- Rational numbers. Decimal numbers. Operations between decimal numbers.
- Square roots. Notion and approximate calculation of the square root of a number.
- Ratios and Proportions. Ratios. Proportions: properties. Calculation of the unknown term of a proportion.
- Area of plane figures. Equivalence of plane figures. Calculation of the area of polygons.
- Sets. The notion of set. Operations between sets. Relations between sets.
- Relative numbers. Operations in Z and Q.
- Literal calculus. Monomials: operations with monomials. Polynomials: operations with polynomials.
- Circumference and Circle. The length of the circumference and its parts. The area of the circle and its parts.
Click here to see the Italian textbook excerpts on Fractions.
Click here to see the Italian textbook excerpts on Pythagora's Theorem.